WordPress is a widely used content management system (CMS). Nearly 28% of all sites use WordPress because of its ease of use and functionality. Additionally, it tops the list of the most secure and reliable CMSs today.
Whether you run a small sideline blog or a big e-commerce website, security is an important feature you can’t overlook. This is mainly because all kinds of sites are susceptible to attacks, which lead to the loss of private and sensitive information. Although no platform is 100% protected, WordPress is intrinsically secure. Importantly, plugins can be used to improve its security further.
For instance, WordPress makes use of:
- Password hashing and salting
- Features that help hold off unsafe user-supplied data
- Regular security-related patches and background updates
- API and functions that help keep harmful code injections at bay
WordPress allows you to personalize how your website works. Additionally, it enables you to use online plugins and tools to add extra safety measures to your site. Nonetheless, hacks still happen. It is therefore important to be aware of the most likely hacks or attacks in order to prevent them or deal with them accordingly. Here are some WordPress security susceptibilities you should know.
This is a common hacking technique that makes use of susceptibilities concealed within the coding of a website. Hackers have the ability to identify these vulnerable points and use them to get around the usual authentication process. A backdoor attack gives hackers full access to the site servers where they can access personal and sensitive data.
Luckily, there are various tools and methods to combat backdoor attacks, such as:
- Scanning your website regularly to detect any backdoor attack attempts. Although many security plugins have malware scans, you can also use reliable security software such as SiteCheck.
- Use a firewall to protect your website from unauthorized access. Security plugins, such as BulletProof Security and Wordfence Security, come with a firewall.
Brute-Force Login Attempts
This hacking technique uses trial and error to access the back end of your site. Brute-force login attempts give hackers access to your sensitive information and your website’s database. Even worse, the unauthorized users can block you from accessing your website, making it difficult for you to combat their attacks.
The good news is these attacks are relatively easy to fight off. Here is how to go about it:
- Using random password generators. WordPress comes with its own, and you can also use off-site password generators such as Norton’s generator.
- Using 2-factor authentication. Plugins such as Rublon Two-Factor Authentication and Wordfence Security come with this feature
- Limit login attempts. WP Limit Login Attempts helps you lock users out after several invalid attempts
Combating brute-force attacks mainly focuses on ensuring the Admin page isn’t accessed. Although unauthorized users can always find ways to access your website, the three actions mentioned above can help limit their options.
Structured Query Language (SQL) Injection Attacks
Website databases communicate using SQL. An SQL injection happens when an authorized user reconfigures the communication of your database. The unauthorized user can then gain entry to your visitor data and database files. This is the easiest hacking technique and probably the most popular today.
Here is how you can combat SQL injection attacks:
- Encrypt confidential data. Encrypt the database files that contain sensitive data, such as visitor information and user credentials, to lock them down. Although hackers can theoretically crack encrypted files, using them may help make your website a less preferred target. Additionally, you could advise your visitors to incorporate a VPN in their daily online browsing activities.
- Make good use of a reliable Web App Firewall (WAF). WAF gets the job done better than standard firewalls. More importantly, it combats HTTP requests.
Unvalidated Redirects and Forwards
Unvalidated redirects and forwards are common hacking attempts where site visitors are redirected to unrequested sites. The sites can then gather sensitive data from your unsuspecting users. Luckily, unvalidated redirects and forwards are easy to combat.
- Stop using redirects on your website. Without them, unauthorized users can’t create unvalidated redirects or forwards.
- Check any redirect links from time to time. Use tools such as Redirect Detective to check your redirect URLs to make sure they haven’t been compromised.
Although website hacks are terrifying, you can put security measures in place to combat risks. Fortunately, most of these security measures don’t require expertise and are relatively straightforward to implement.
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